Antonio López de Santa Anna and Domingo de Ugartechea

Portrait of Antonio López de Santa Anna

Antonio López de Santa Anna
Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón worked hard to justify such a grandiose name. But he left his mark on Mexico—and Texas. During a twenty-two-year period, the self-styled "Napoleon of the West," served as president eleven times. Born in Jalapa, Veracruz, in New Spain, on 21 February 1794, he was 42 years of age in 1836. During his Texas Campaign he demonstrated both laudable brilliance and deplorable folly. Supremely ambitious, at least he knew it. He once observed, “If I were made God, I should wish to be something more.”

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Domingo de Ugartechea
In 1835, Colonel Ugartechea was the Mexican military commandant headquartered at San Antonio de Béxar. As such, he dispatched dragoons to Gonzales to confiscate a cannon, an edict that ignited the Texas Revolution. On October 28, at the battle of Concepción, 90 Texans overwhelmed the 275 Mexican soldiers he commanded. The 44-year-old Ugartechea served throughout the siege and storming of Béxar and, in December, retreated with General Cos. But he returned to Texas for the 1836 campaign, when he commanded reserve troops stationed at Copano, Victoria, and Goliad. Following the devastating defeat at San Jacinto, he retreated to Matamoros.