In the early 1850s, Clifton and the surrounding area were settled largely by Norwegian immigrants. At one point Clifton was believed to be the largest Norwegian community West of the Mississippi River. But Germans came to Clifton as well – settling primarily east of town across the Bosque River near present-day Womack.
The Germans established a German Evangelical church in Womack, which today is a non-denominational church – Zions United Church. Two Lutheran churches – one Norwegian, one German – remain in Clifton.
The Bosque Museum enshrines the county’s rich history – including its immigrant story – with exhibits dedicated to its pioneer families, firearms, textiles, furniture, and education.