Francita Alavez and Francisco de Castañeda

Statue of Francita Alvarez

Francita Alavez or the “Angel of Goliad”
In 1836, Francita Alavez accompanied Mexican Army Captain Telesforo Alavez on campaign; she was then about twenty years old. At Goliad, she exercised her influence with Mexican officials to have them spare the lives of many Texan prisoners of war. Because of her appeals, more than 100 rebels evaded execution. Following San Jacinto, she withdrew to Matamoros, where she provided assistance to other captured Texans. Later, when Alavez abandoned her, Francita became destitute. Recalling her many compassionate deeds, Texan friends came to her aid and she spent the remainder of her days working on the King Ranch. 

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Francisco de Castañeda
Lieutenant Castañeda played decisive parts in both the opening and closing incidents of the Texas Revolution. As a member of the Second Flying Company of San Carlos, he billeted inside the secularized (but not abandoned) San Antonio de Valero Mission. On September 27, 1835, Castañeda led 100 dragoons to Gonzales to retrieve a cannon. But residents refused to relinquish their ordnance and the battle of Gonzales—the “Lexington of Texas”—resulted. On June 4, 1836, Juan Seguín, an officer of the Texas Republic, accepted the formal surrender of San Antonio from Castañeda, in the revolution’s last official act.