Camp Marfa’s heat and isolation didn’t make it the most desirable Army post. The 35 desertions in 1923 attest to that!
In the early 1900s, the Mexican Revolution erupted, and Americans feared the region would descend into violence. The US Army stationed troops here to conduct border patrol and bring security to the region. In 1914, they assisted some 2,000 Mexican refugees fleeing Pancho Villa’s raids in Mexico.
In that same year, Camp Marfa was designated the military headquarters of the Big Bend district of Texas. It provided soldiers, horses and supplies to 14 additional posts along the Mexican border.