Fort D.A. Russell, near Marfa Army Air Field, trained U.S. soldiers and held nearly 200 German prisoners of war. Two POWs painted elaborate murals inside Building 98, where top U.S. generals socialized in the officers club. The paintings depict U.S. Western scenes as seen through the eyes of Germans who learned about cowboys from watching movies.
Today the fort is home to the Chinati Foundation, a contemporary art museum that displays works produced by Donald Judd and other founding artists of the Minimalist movement.