Pampa: White Deer Land Museum

The White Deer Land Museum in Pampa documents the two Red River War battles waged in Gray County. Both involved the formidable Southern Cheyenne medicine man and chief Grey Beard.

Grey Beard elected not to sign the 1865 Medicine Lodge Treaty, an agreement with the U.S. government stripping Plains tribes of traditional tribal territories in favor of relocation to reservation land in what is now Oklahoma. He continued to fight the U.S. Army until 1871, bringing his band onto the reservation. Living conditions and the decimation of bison herds caused him to re-engage in conflict through the end of the Red River War. Learn about Grey Beard’s role in the Red River War here. 

White Deer Land Museum